دوره 6، شماره 11 - ( بهار و تابستان 1397 )                   جلد 6 شماره 11 صفحات 51-60 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

XML English Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

asadi F, alimohamadi A. Evaluation the Growth and Production Function of Seven Species of Salicaceae in First Growth Season. ifej. 2018; 6 (11) :51-60
URL: http://ifej.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-180-fa.html
اسدی فرهاد، علی محمدی افروز. ارزیابی عملکرد رویشی و تولید در نهال‌های یک‌ساله‌ی هفت گونه از خانواده‌ی Salicaceae (مطالعه‌ی موردی: ایستگاه تحقیقاتی چمستان نور) . بوم شناسی جنگل های ایران (علمی- پژوهشی). 1397; 6 (11) :51-60

URL: http://ifej.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-180-fa.html


گروه کشاورزی و محیط‌زیست دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران
چکیده:   (383 مشاهده)
صنوبرها به­ دلیل تولید چوب برای مصارف مختلف در کشور، از دیرباز مورد توجه بوده و توسط روستاییان مورد کشت و پرورش قرار می‌گرفتند. ضرورت تحقیق در مورد سازگاری صنوبرها در شرایط کاشت مختلف به‌منظور دستیابی به کلن‌های برتر دارای اهمیت است. همچنین بیدها نیز در سال‌های اخیر به عنوان منابع تولید بیوماس و انرژی زیستی در جهان طرح شده‌اند. بر این اساس در تحقیق پیش‌رو عملکرد رویشی و تولید نهال‌های یکساله‌ی‌ دو گونه‌ی بید شامل Salix alba، S. excelsa و پنج گونه‌ی صنوبر شامل Populus caspica، P. euramericana triplo، P. alba 58/57، P. deltoides 69/55 و P. nigra 56/72  مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. به­این منظور تعداد 45 قلمه از هر کدام از ارقام مورد مطالعه در قالب طرح آزمایشی بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در ایستگاه تحقیقات جنگل و مرتع چمستان به فاصله 5/1 متر در 60 سانتی‌متر کاشته شدند. کلیه عملیات نگهداری شامل آبیاری به موقع و وجین علف‌های هرز در طول فصل رشد انجام شد. در دوره رویش و پایان فصل رویش صفات تعداد برگ، سطح برگ، سطح کل برگ، تعداد شاخه، طول شاخه، قطر شاخه، ارتفاع ساقه، قطر یقه و وزن ساقه‌ی کلیه گونه‌ها اندازه‌گیری شد. نتایج نشانگر آن بود که در گونه‌های صنوبر بین میانگین متغیرهای ارتفاع ساقه، سطح کل برگ و متوسط سطح برگ؛ اختلاف معنی‌دار وجود دارد و بین دو گونه‌ی بید فقط میانگین قطر شاخه دارای اختلاف معنی‌دار بود. نتایج تحقیق حاکی از عملکرد بهتر، P.euramericana triplo  و P.deltoides 69/55 در سال اول رویش نسبت به سایر رقم‌ها بود.
 

 
متن کامل [PDF 823 kb]   (198 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۶/۱۸ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۷/۳/۲۱ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۷/۸/۱۲

فهرست منابع
1. Alba, N.C. 1998. Standardized list of descriptors for inventories of Populus nigra stand. Report of the fourth meeting, Gerardsbergen, Belgium, 39-41.
2. Alimohamadi, A., F. Asadi and R. Tabaie Aghdaei. 2015. Evaluation of growth and morphological parameters in two poplar species (P. nigra L. & P. alba L.) to tree growth reveal traits related to productivity (case study in Kermanshah, Zanjan and Esfahan provinces). Ecology of Iranian Forests, 3(5): 31-41 (In Persian).
3. Archaux, F. and H. Martin. 2009. Hybrid poplar plantations in a floodplain have balanced impacts on farmland and woodland birds. Forest Ecology Management, 257(4): 1474-1479. [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2008.12.021]
4. Aronsson, P. and K. Perttu. 1998. Willow vegetation filters for waste treatment and soil remediation
5. combined with biomass production. The Forestry Chronicle, 77(2): 293-299.
6. Asadi, F., F. Noori and B. Yousefi. 2015. Growth variations in poplar (Populus nigra L.) plantations in riverbanks of Kermanshah Province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 23(2): 209-221 (In Persian).
7. Anonymous. 2017. Information on poplars and willows. International Poplar Commission, FAO.
8. Baghery, R., F. Asadi, F. Merrikh and F. Kazemi Saeed. 2008. Effect of different treatments of fertilizers on improvement of yield of one year old poplar seedlings. Proceeding of the Second National Congress on Poplar and Potential Use in Poplar Plantation, 122-128 pp., Karaj, Iran, (In Persian).
9. Ball, J., J. Carle and A.D. Lungo. 2005. Contribution of poplars and willows to sustainable forestry and rural development. Unasylva, 56(2): 3-9.
10. Benetka, V., L. Bartakova and J. Mottl. 2002. Productivity of Populus nigra L. ssp. under short-rotation culture in marginal areas. Biomass and Bioenergy, 23: 327-336. [DOI:10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00065-X]
11. Bozorgmehr, A., A.R. Modir Rahmaty, R. Ghasemi and Kh. Abedi. 2002. Collection of endemic
12. and exotic poplar clones in northern Khorasan (Bojnourd). Iranian Journal of Forest and
13. Poplar Research, 8: 125-160 (In Persian).
14. Calagari, M., R. Ghasemi and R. Baghery. 2016. Growth assessment of F1 hybrid salix seedlings in Karaj experimental site. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 24(1): 140-149. (In Persian)
15. Chojnacky. D.C., L.S. Heath and J.C. Jenkins. 2014. Updated generalized biomass equations for North American tree species. Forestry. 87: 129-151. [DOI:10.1093/forestry/cpt053]
16. Christian, D.P., W. Hoffman, J.M. Hanowski, G.J. Niemi and J. Beyea. 1998. Bird and mammal diversity on woody biomass plantations in North America. Biomass Bioenergy, 14(5): 395-402. [DOI:10.1016/S0961-9534(97)10076-9]
17. Fang, S., J. Xue and L. Tang. 2007. Biomass production and carbon sequestration potential in poplar plantations with different management patterns. Journal of Environmental Management, 85(3): 672-679. [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2006.09.014]
18. Fo Perry, C.H., R.C. Miller and K.N. Brooks. 2001. Impacts of short-rotation hybrid poplar plantations on regional water yield. Forest Ecology Management, 143 (1-3): 143-151. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00513-2]
19. Fortier, J., D. Gagnon, B. Truax, and F. Lambert. 2010. Nutrient accumulation and carbon sequestration in 6-year-old hybrid poplars in multi clonal agricultural riparian buffer strip. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 137: 276-287. [DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2010.02.013]
20. Ghadiripour, P., M. Calagari and M.H. Saleheh Shushtari. 2015. Study of growth and morphological characteristics of Euphrates poplar (Populus euphratica) provenances at experimental nursery of Khuzestan Province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 23(1): 154-166 (In Persian).
21. Ghasemi, R., A.R. Modir Rahmati and F. Asadi. 2012. Growth characteristics of 5 black poplar (Populus nigra) clones with Turkish origin in Karadj area. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 19(4): 491-500 (In Persian).
22. Gholami, Gh., A.R. Modir Rahmati and R. Ghasemi. 2010. Some characteristics of poplar saplings (1/1) in experimental nurseries of Golestan province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 18(2): 178-189 (In Persian).
23. Gholami, G.H., A. Modirrahmati, R. Ghasemi and S.Z. Mirkazemi. 2014. Adaptation and wood production of different closed-crown poplar clones in Gorgan region. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 22(3): 473-484 (In Persian).
24. Goodarzi, G.R., F. Ahmadloo and M. Tabari. 2012. Investigation on growth, survival and homogeneity of different Poplar clones at selection nurseries in Markazi province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 19(4): 572-585 (In Persian).
25. Hesami, S.M. and F. Asadi. 2016. Variations in vegetative traits of white poplar (Populus alba L.) for wood farming in river banks of Zayandehrood River in Isfahan. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 24(3): 520-528 (In Persian).
26. Jansons, A., S. Zurkova, D. Lazdina and M. Zeps. 2014. Productivity of poplar hybrid (Populus balsamifera x P. laurifolia) in Latvia. Agronomy Research, 12(2): 469-478.
27. Khajehie, E., J. Khani and M. Yasi. 2001. Establishment and survival of fast growing species in the stabilization and protection of the Nazlou River. National Conference of Field Management, Soil Erosion and Stable Development, Arak, Iran (In Persian).
28. Khanjani Shiraz, B., A. hemati, K. Pour tahmasy and H. Sardab. 2014. Growth comparison of different poplar clones, planted on lowlands of west Guilan. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 21(3): 557-572 (In Persian).
29. Kutsokon, N., D. Rakhmetov, S. Rakhmetova and N. Rashydov. 2016. Evalution of growth and bioenergetics potential of fast growing trees, International Poplar Commission, 25th Session, 143 pp, Berlin, Germany.
30. Kuzovkina, Y.A. and T.A. Volk. 2009. The characterization of willow (Salix L.) varieties for
31. use in ecological engineering applications: Co-ordination of structure, function and autecology.
32. Ecological Engineering, 35(8): 1178-1189.
33. Lashkarbolouki, L., A.R. Modirrahmati, S.A. Mosavi Kopar and E. Kaneh. 2012. Study on potential of wood production of various Poplar species and clones in northern forest areas (Case study: Siahkal region in Guilan province). Iranin Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 19(4): 501-509 (In Persian).
34. Lust, N., T. Kongs, L. Nachtergale and L. de Keersmaeker. 2001. Spontaneous ingrowth of tree species in poplar plantations in Flanders. Annals of Forest Science, 58: 861-868. [DOI:10.1051/forest:2001169]
35. Maksimović, Z. 2015. Konzervacija iusmereno korišćenje genofonda crne topole (Populus nigra L.) napodručju Velikog ratnog ostrva, Doktorska disertacija. Univerzitet u Beogradu-Šumarskifakultet, Beograd.
36. Marron, N., S.Y. Dillen and R. Ceulemans. 2007. Evaluation of leaf traits for indirect selection of high yielding poplar hybrids. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 61(2): 103-116. [DOI:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2007.04.002]
37. Modir Rahmati, A.R., R. Ghasemi, M. Calagary and R. Baghery. 2014. Study of adaptability and growth of different Poplar and Paulownia clones in the mountainous region of northern Iran (Rostam Abad, Guilan province). Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 22(4): 736-748 (In Persian).
38. Nalaka, G., T. Sivananthawer and M. Iqbal. 2013. Scaling aboveground biomass from small diameter trees. Tropical Agricultural Research, 24(2): 15-16.
39. Noh, E., 1982. A method for evaluating sites suitable for Populus alba X Populus glandulosa F1 clones using path analysis. Research report of the institute of forest genetics. Korea Republic, 18: 113-156.
40. Panahi, P., M. Pourhashemi and M. Hasaninejad, 2013. Allometric equations of leaf biomass and carbon stocks of oaks in National Botanical Garden of Iran, Journal of Plant Researches, 27(1): 12-22.
41. Rostamikia, Y., A.R. Modir Rahmati and M. Tabari, 2017. Growth characteristics of native and exotic clones of poplar in Ardabil nursery. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 30(2): 454-466 (In Persian).
42. Sadeghi, A., A. Salehi and S.A. Mousavi Koupar. 2015. Effect of poplar monoculture and poplar whit peanut as an agroforestry cultivation on soil chemical propertie. Ecology of Iranian Forests, 3(6): 28-35 (In Persian).
43. Servo, G., J. Devetaković and V. Ivetić. 2017. Comparison of seedling quality between autochthonous and poplar clones. Reforesta, 3: 41-47. [DOI:10.21750/REFOR.3.05.29]
44. Szczukowski, S., M. Stolarski, J. Tworkowski, J. Przyborowski and A. Klasa. 2005. Productivity of willow coppice plants grown in short rotations. Plant Soil Environment, 51(9): 423-430. [DOI:10.17221/3607-PSE]
45. Tavousi Rad, F., A. Ghamari Zare, H. Mirzaie-Nodoushan and M. Usefifard. 2017. Evaluation of poplar inter-specific progenies based on their morphologic and micromorphologic traits. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 24(4): 675-686 (In Persian).
46. Vance, E., C. Loehle, T. Wigley and P. Weatherford. 2014. Scientific basis for sustainable management of eucalyptus and populus as short-rotation woody crops in the U.S. Forests, 5: 901-918 (In Persian). [DOI:10.3390/f5050901]
47. Weih, M. 2009. Genetic and environmental variation in spring and autumn phenology of biomass willows (Salix spp.): effects on shoot growth and nitrogen economy. Tree Physiology, 29(12): 1479-1490. [DOI:10.1093/treephys/tpp081]
48. Yousefi, B. 2013. Collection, identification and morphological - phonological evaluation of Willows.
49. accessions at Kurdistan province of Iran. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 21(1): 184-202 (In Persian).
50. Yousefi, B. and A.R. Modir Rahmaty. 2004. Evaluation and grouping of 48 poplar varieties
51. using wood yield and leaf characteristics. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research,
52. 12(1): 79-108 (In Persian).
53. Yousefi, B., A.R. Modir Rahmati, M.H. Assareh and A. Hemmati. 2008. Evalution of compatibility and wood yield of 14 black poplar varieties in comparative popleteum of Sanandaj-Kurdistan. Proceeding of the Second National Congress on Poplar and Potential Use in Poplar Plantation, 276-287 pp., Karaj, Iran (In Persian).
54. Yousefi, B. and A.R. Modir Rahmati. 2013. Investigation on adaptation and wood yield of different open crown poplar clones at Sanandaj comparative poplutum. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 21(1): 17-29 (In Persian).

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:
CAPTCHA

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول


کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به بوم‏شناسی جنگل‏های ایران می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Ecology of Iranian Forest

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb