دوره 7، شماره 14 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1398 )                   جلد 7 شماره 14 صفحات 10-21 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

XML English Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

مسلمی سیدمحله س, جلالی س غ, حجتی س, کوچ ی. The Effect of Different Forest Types on Soil Properties and Biodiversity of Grassland Cover and Regeneration in Central Hyrcanian Forests (Case Study: Seri-Alandan-Sari). ifej. 2019; 7 (14) :10-21
URL: http://ifej.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-170-fa.html
مسلمی سیدمحله سیدمصطفی، جلالی سیدغلامعلی، حجتی سیدمحمد، کوچ یحیی. اثر توده های مختلف جنگلی بر خصوصیات خاک، تنوع زیستی پوشش علفی کف و زادآوری در سری الندان- ساری. بوم شناسی جنگل های ایران (علمی- پژوهشی). 1398; 7 (14) :10-21

URL: http://ifej.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-170-fa.html

دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
چکیده:   (295 مشاهده)

     در این پژوهش اثرات توده­ های مختلف بر روی خصوصیات فیزیکی و شیمیایی خاک و تنوع زیستی گیاهی در جنگل­ های سری الندان-ساری، قطعه 17 مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. برای این منظور 33 قطعه نمونه 400 مترمربعی در پنج کاربری توده جنگل طبیعی راشستان خالص، جنگل آمیخته، توده جنگل ­کاری­شده زبان گنجشک، توده جنگل­ کاری­شده نوئل و توده جنگل مخروبه به ­منظور بررسی وضعیت زادآوری و تنوع پوشش گیاهی زیرآشکوب پیاده شد. در هر یک از قطعات نمونه یک نمونه خاک از عمق 10-0 سانتی­متری به ­منظور بررسی مشخصه­ های فیزیکی و شیمیایی خاک برداشت شد. نتایج نشان داد که در بخش گونه ­های زیرآشکوب شاخص­ های تنوع گونه ­ای سیمپسون و شانون وینر در بین توده ­های مختلف مورد بررسی دارای اختلاف معنی ­دار است و توده­ های آمیخته و جنگل مخروبه دارای بیشترین مقادیر بودند. هم­چنین نتایج مقایسه شاخص­ های تنوع زیستی گیاهی بخش زادآوری در بین توده ­ها نشان داد که شاخص­ های غنای گونه ­ای مارگالف و منهینیک و تنوع گونه­ای سیمپسون و شانون وینر در بین توده ­ها دارای اختلاف معنی ­دار است و جنگل آمیخته دارای بیشترین مقادیر این شاخص­ ها بود. نتایج تجزیه واریانس مشخصه­ های خاک نشان داد فقط مشخصه­ های درصد رطوبت خاک، اسیدیته و درصد کربن در بین توده ­های جنگل مورد بررسی دارای اختلاف معنی­ دار هستند. به ­طورکلی نتایج تحقیق حاضر به روشنی نشان می­ دهد که کاربری جنگل آمیخته  از نظرشاخص­ های تنوع زیستی گیاهی و مشخصات فیزیکی و شیمیایی خاک نسبت به دیگر کاربری­ ها دارای بهترین عملکرد می­ باشد. 

متن کامل [PDF 3348 kb]   (138 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: اکولوژی جنگل
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۴/۳۱ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۹/۷ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۸/۹/۲۴

فهرست منابع
1. Abliz, A., Ü. Halik, M. Welp and L.X. Zhang. 2015. Effects of shelterbelt afforestation on soil properties in Kökyar, NW China. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences, 10(6): 2017-2036.
2. Agusto, L., R. Jacques, D. Binkely and A. Roth. 2002. Impacts of several common tree species of European temperate forest on soil fertility. Ann. For. Sci., 59: 233-253. [DOI:10.1051/forest:2002020]
3. AhmadiMalakut, E., A. Soltani and I. HasanzadNavrodi. 2011.A comparison between understory phytodiversity of a natural forest and forest plantations (Case study: Langerud -Guilan)Iranian Journal of Forest, 3(2): 157-167 (In Persian).
4. Anonymous. 2014. Review Booklet of Tajan, no. 6 Seri of Alandan Forestry- Forests, Range and Watershed Management Organization, 292 pp (In Persian).
5. Asadian, M. 2011. Effect of Land Use Change on Physical, Chemical, and Biological Properties of Soil in Alandan Sari Forest. Master's thesis in Sari Agriculture and Natural Resources University, 214 pp (In Persian).
6. Asadian, M., S.M. Hojjati, M.R. Pourmajidian and A. Fallah. 2013. Effect of different types of land use on soil quality in alandan sari forest. Natural Geography Research (JPHGR), 45(3): 65-76 (In Persian).
7. Asadollahi, F. 2001. Study of plantation evolution process in Iran. Journal of forest and Rangeland. 1(53): 13-19 (In Persian).
8. Azadi, A., S.M. Hojjati, H. Jalilvand and H. Naghavi. 2014.Investigation on soil carbon sequestration and understory biodiversity of hard wood plantations of Khoramabad city (Makhamalkoh site). Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 21 (4): 703-715 (In Persian).
9. Bass, JOJ. 2004. Moretrees inthetropics.Area, 36:19-32. [DOI:10.1111/j.0004-0894.2004.00325.x]
10. Blake, G.R. and K. H. Hartge. 1986. Bulk density. In: Klute A. (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis Part 1, Physical and Minerological Methods. Agron. Monogr. 9., 2nd ed. ASA and SSSA, Madison, WI, pp. 364-367.
11. Bremner, J.M. and C.S. Mulvaney. 1982. Nitrogen -total. In: Page, A.L., Miller, R.H., Keeney, D.R. (Eds), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. ASA, SSSA, Madison, WI, 595-624.
12. Cannell, M.G.R. 2003. Carbon sequestration and biomass energy offset: theoretical, potential and achievable capacities globally, in Europe and the UK. Biomass and Bioenergy, 24(2): 97-116. [DOI:10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00103-4]
13. Chen, S., W. Liu, X. Qin, Y. Liu, T. Zhang, K. Chen, F. Hu, J. Ren and D. Qin. 2012. Response characteristics of vegetation and soil environment to permafrost degradation in the upstream regions of the Shule River Basin. Environmental Research Letters, 7(4): 045406. [DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/045406]
14. Crowley, W., S.S.C. Harrison, M. Coroi and V.M. Sacre. 2003. An ecological assessment of the plant communities at Port Bannaturere serve in South Western Ireland. Biology and Environment: Proceeding of the Royal Irish Academy, 103(2): 69-82. [DOI:10.3318/BIOE.2003.103.2.69]
15. Evans, J. 1992. Plantation forestry in the tropics, Second Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 403 pp.
16. Forrest Meekins, J. and B.C. McCarthy. 2001. Effect of environmental variation on the invasive success of a nonindigenous forest herb. Ecological Applications, 11(5): 1336-1348. [DOI:10.1890/1051-0761(2001)011[1336:EOEVOT]2.0.CO;2]
17. Gee, G.W. and J.W. Bauder. 1982. Particle-size analyses. In: Klute, A. (Ed.), Method of Soil Analyses, Part 1: Physical and Mineralogical Methods. , 2nd ed. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, pp: 383-411.
18. Ghelichnia, H. 2003. A comparison of understory plant diversity in native species and evergreen species plantation in LjimMazandaran. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi, 58(1): 37-41 (In Persian).
19. GhomiOili, E., S.M. Hhosseini, A. Methaji and S. Jalali. 2007. Evaluation of regeneration and species diversity in managed plant community, Noshahr. Journal of environmental studies, 1(33): 101-106 (In Persian).
20. Grant, C.D. and W.A. Loneragan. 2001. The effects of burning on the under story composition of rehabilated bauxite mines bin Western Australia: community changes vegetation succession. Ecology and Management, 145(3): 255-277. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00441-2]
21. Haghverdi, K. 2015. Influence of Endemic and Exotic Afforestation (Chai Bagh districtof Qaemshahr) on Biodiversity of Plant Species and WoodRegeneration. Journal of Plant Research (Iranian Journal of Biology), 28(3): 522-534 (In Persian).
22. Hammer, Q., D.A.T. Harper, P.D. Ryan. 2001. PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica, 4(1): 9 pp.
23. Hashemi, S.A., S.M. Hojati, S.M. Hoseiney Nasr, M. Asadyan and M. Tafazoli. 2017. Studying soil physical, chemical and net Nitrogen mineralization in plantation and natural stands in Darabkola Forest (Sari). Journal of Forest Research and Development, 3(2): 119-132.
24. Hecht, S.B., S. Kandel, I. Gomes, N. Cuellar and H. Rosa. 2006. Globalization, forest resurgence, andenvir on- mentalpoliticsinElSalvador. World Dev, 34: 308-323. [DOI:10.1016/j.worlddev.2005.09.005]
25. Hedman C.W., S.L. Grace and S.E. Ling. 2000. Vegetation composition and structure of southern coastal plain pine forests: An ecological comparison. Forest Ecology and Management, 134(2): 233-247. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00259-5]
26. Hosseinpour, A. 2008. Chemistry and soil fertility. Payam Noor university press, 232 pp. (In Persian).
27. Islam, K.R., M. Kamaluddin, M.K. Bhuiyan and A. Badruddin. 1999. Comparative performance of exotic and indigenous forest species for tropical semi-evergreen forest land reforestation in Bangladesh. Land Degrad. Dev., 10: 241-249. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-145X(199905/06)10:3<241::AID-LDR335>3.0.CO;2-8 [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1099-145X(199905/06)10:33.0.CO;2-8]
28. Ito, S., R. Nakayama and G.P. Buckley. 2004. Effects of previous land-use on plant species diversity in semi-natural and plantation forests in a warm-temperate region in southeastern Kyushu, Japan. Forest Ecology and Management, 196(2): 213-225. [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.02.050]
29. J. Krebs, C. 1999. Ecological Methodology, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers, Inc., Menlo Park, CA., 620 pp.
30. Jobidon, R. 2004. Plant species diversity and comparison along an experimental gradient of northern hardwood abundance in Piceamariana plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 198: 209-221. [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2004.04.020]
31. Karami-Kordalivand, P., S.M. Hosseini, A. Rahmani and J. Mokhtari, 2015. Effects of pure and mixed Caucasian alder (Alnus subcordata C. A. Mey.) and eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides Marsh.) plantations on carbon sequestration and some physical and chemical soil properties, Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 23(3): 402-412 (In Persian).
32. Kooch, Y., H. Jalilvand, M.A. Bahmanyar and M.R. Pormajidian. 2009. Differentiation of ecosystem units of Caspian lowland forests and its relation with some soil characteristics. Journal of Forest and Wood Products (JFWP), Iranian Journal of Natural Resources, 62(1): 93-107 (In Persian).
33. Kooch, Y. and S.M. Hosseini. 2010. Response of earthworm's biomass and diversity to windthrow events and soil properties in Hyrcanian forests of Iran. Folia oecologica, 37(4): 181-190 (In Persian).
34. Krebs, C.J. 1998. Ecological methodology. Addison-Wesley press, California.
35. Lessani, M.R. 1999. Yew T. baccata L. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands. Technical Publication, No. 210-1999: 71-73 (In Persian).
36. Li, D., S. Niu and Y. Luo. 2012. Global patterns of the dynamics of soil carbon and nitrogen stocks following afforestation: a meta‐analysis. New Phytologist, 195(1): 172-181. [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04150.x]
37. Marvi Mohajer, M. 2006. Silviculture. Tehran University press, 388 pp.
38. Matinkia, M., B. Pilevar and H. Matinfar. 2014. The effect of plantation with conifers and broadleaved spices on some physical and chemical properties of soil. Iranian ecosystem, 2(2): 89-97 (in Persian).
39. McLean, E.O. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. In: Page A.L., Miller R.H. and Keeney D.R. (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analyses. Part 2: Chemical and Microbiological Properties., 2nd ed. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, 199-224.
40. Memarian, F., M. Tabari, S.M. Hosseini and A. BanjShafiei. 2007. Comparison diversity of biomass conifer with broadleaf mixed stands in the Kalardashtregion. Mohitshenasi, 33(42): 103-108 (In Persian).
41. Mokhtari, J., E. Ebrahimi, K. Zabihi and E. Sayyad. 2008. Comparative study of soil properties, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of mixed and pure afforestation of Poplar and Alder in Chamestan (Mazandaran), Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 16(2): 197-210 (In Persian).
42. Mohammadnezhad Kiyasari, S.H., M. Akbarzade and B. Jafari. 2007. Biodiversity of Plant cover in coniferous plantations. Journal ofScienceand Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, 42(2): 611-625 (In Persian).
43. Moraghebati, F., A.H. Koruri and M. Teymuri. 2001. Investigating the Effects of Eucalyptus, Poplar and Silver Serving Against Damage and Some Soil Properties in Sheikh Neshin and Saravan Stations in Guilan Province. Pajouhesh and Sazandegi, 53(14): 26-34.
44. Mesadaghi, M. 2005. Plant ecologt, Mashhad University Press, 278 pp (In Persian).
45. Neiryck. J., S. Mitcheva, G. Sioen and N. Lust. 2000. Impact of tilia phtyphulus scop., fraxinus excesior, Acer pseudoplatanus, Quercus robur L. and Fagus sylvatica L. on erthworm biomass and physicochemical properties of loamy topsoil. Forest ecology and management, 133: 277-286. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00240-6]
46. Neiryck, J., S. Mitcheva, G. Sioen and N. Lust. 2000. Impact of tiliaphtyphylusscop. Fraxinus excelsior, Acer pseudoplatanus. Quercusrobur L. and Fagussilvatica L. on earthworm biomass and phsico chemical properties of loamy topsoil. Forest Ecology and Management, 133: 275-286. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00240-6]
47. Nelson, D.W. and L.E. Sommers. 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. In: Page, A.L., Miller, R.H., Keeney, D.R. (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2: Chemical and Microbiological Properties. , 2nd ed. American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society America, Madison, WI, pp: 539-579.
48. Nobakht, A., M. Pourmajidian and S.M. Hojjati. 2011. A comparison of soil carbon sequestration in hardwood and softwood monocultures (Case study: Dehmian forest management plan, Mazindaran), Iranian Journal of Forest, 3(1): 13-23 (In Persian).
49. Pathak, P. K.L., T.J. Sahrawat, H. Rego and S.P. Wani. 2004. Measurrable Biophysical Indicators for Impact Assessment: Chages in Soil Quality. In: Shiferaw, B., H. A. Freeman and S. M. Swinton (Eds), Natural resource and management in agriculture. Methods for assessing economic and environmental impacts. ICRISAT, Patancheru, India.
50. Payn, T., J.M. Carnus, P. Freer-Smith, M. Kimberley, W. Kollert, S. Liu and M.J. Wingfield. 2015. Changes in planted forests and future global implications. Forest Ecology and Management, 352: 57-67. [DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2015.06.021]
51. Pour-Rahmati, G.H. 2005. Study of the Effect of Forest Planning on Biodiversity of Vegetation in West Guilan, Master's Thesis of Natural Resources Faculty, Guilan University, 92 pp (In Persian).
52. Rohi Moghadam, A., S.M. Hosseini, E. Ebrahimi and A. Rahmani. 2010. Evaluation of some soil properties in mixed and pure plantation of Oak, Soil Research (Soil and Water Sience), 25(1): 39-48 (In Persian).
53. Rostamabadi, A., M. Tabari, H. Jalilvand, A. Salehi and E. Sayad. 2014. Impacts of Alder (Alnussubcordata) plantation on nutrient and plant diversity in site of Parrotia-Carpinetum natural forest. Journal of Renewable Resources Research, 5(1-15): 15-28 (In Persian).
54. Salardini, A.A. 2004. Soil fertility. Tehran University press, 434 (In Persian).
55. Salehi, A., M. Zarinkafsh, G.H. ZahediAmiri and R. Marvi Mohajer. 2005. A Study of Soil Physical and Chemical Properties in Relation to Tree Ecological Groups in Nam-Khaneh District of Kheirood-Kenar Forest. Iranian Journal of Natural Resources, 58(3): 567-578 (In Persian).
56. Sebastia, M.T. 2004. Role of topography and soils in grassland structuring at the landscape and community scales, Basic and Applied Ecology, 5: 331-346. [DOI:10.1016/j.baae.2003.10.001]
57. Shabanian, N., M. Heydari and M. Zeinivand. 2010. Effect of afforestation with broad leaved and conifer species on herbaceous diversity and some physico-chemical properties of soil (Case study: Dushan afforestation - Sanandaj) Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 18(3): 437-446 (In Persian).
58. Solomon, D., F. Fritzsche, M. Tekalign, J. Lemann and W. Zech. 2002. Soil organic matter comppsition in the subhumid Ethiopian highland as influenced by deforestation and agricultural management. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 66: 68-82. [DOI:10.2136/sssaj2002.6800]
59. Sutherland, B.J. 2003. Preventing soil compaction and rutting in the boreal forest of western Canada: A practical guide to operating timber-harvesting equipment. FERIC (forest engineering research institute of Canada), 52 pp.
60. Woziwoda, B. and D. Kopec. 2013. Afforestation or natural succession? Looking for the best way to manage abandoned cut-over peat lands for biodiversity conservation. Ecological Engineering, In Press. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.12.106]
61. Zarrinkafsh, M. 2001. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands press, 338 pp (In Persian).
62. Zeleny, D. and A.P. Schaffers. 2012. Too good to be true: pitfalls of using mean Ellenberg indicator values in vegetation analyses. Journal of Vegetation Sciences, 23: 419-431. [DOI:10.1111/j.1654-1103.2011.01366.x]
63. Zerbo, I., M. Bernhardt-Römermann, O. Ouédraogo, K. Hahn and A. Thiombiano. 2016. Effects of climate and land use on herbaceous species richness and vegetation composition in West African savanna ecosystems. Journal of Botany. [DOI:10.1155/2016/9523685]
64. Zona, D., I.A. Janssens, M. Aubinet, B. Gioli, S. Vicca, R. Fichot and R. Ceulemans. 2013. Fluxes of the greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4 and N2O) above a short-rotation poplar plantation after conversion from agricultural. [DOI:10.1016/j.agrformet.2012.10.008]

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول

کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به بوم‏شناسی جنگل‏های ایران می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Ecology of Iranian Forest

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb