دوره 9، شماره 18 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1400 )                   جلد 9 شماره 18 صفحات 158-147 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


XML English Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Selahvarzi P S O F E A S, Jalilvand H, Hojati M, Pourmajidian M R. (2021). Phytoremediation Potential of Judas Tree, White Mulberry, Bitter Olive and Cedar Rolls for Manganese and Chromium in Water Treatment Plant Effluent. ifej. 9(18), 147-158. doi:10.52547/ifej.9.18.147
URL: http://ifej.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-380-fa.html
سلاح ورزی بهاره، جلیلوند حمید، حجتی سیدمحمد، پورمجیدیان محمدرضا. قابلیت گیاه پالایی منگنز و کروم موجود در پساب تصفیه خانه توسط نهال های ارغوان، توت سفید، زیتون تلخ و سرو خمره ای بوم شناسی جنگل های ایران (علمی- پژوهشی) 1400; 9 (18) :158-147 10.52547/ifej.9.18.147

URL: http://ifej.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-380-fa.html


دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری
چکیده:   (2345 مشاهده)
مقدمه و هدف: امروزه شهرهای بزرگ به دلیل آلودگی هوا نیازمند فضای سبز بیشتری هستند که با توجه به کمبود آب در شهرهایی که در مناطق خشک واقع شده­ اند جهت آبیاری فضای سبز باید به منابع نامتعارف مانند پساب­ ها روی آورد؛ امّا با توجه به آلودگی­ های موجود در این منابع، باید از گونه­ هایی با قابلیت گیاه­ پالایی بالا استفاده کرد.
مواد و روش­ ها: در این تحقیق نهال­ های دو­ساله چهار گونه ارغوان، توت سفید، زیتون تلخ و سرو خمره­ای در گلدان­ هایی کاشته شدند. نهال­ ها با پساب تصفیه­ خانه آب غرب تهران که حاوی منگنز و کروم بود، از اسفند 95 تا مهر 96 آبیاری شدند.
یافته­ ها : مقدار کروم و منگنز در اندام ­های گونه ­های آبیاری شده با پساب نسبت به آب معمولی افزایش معنی­داری نشان داد؛ امّا هر چهار گونه آبیاری شده با پساب تصفیه­ خانه رشد و نمو یکسانی در مقایسه با گونه­ های آبیاری شده با آب معمولی داشتند. بیشترین مقدار منگنز در برگ و کروم در ریشه هر چهار گونه بود. ضریب تجمع زیستی کمتر از یک، برای منگنز در هر چهار گونه  نشان داد که قابلیت انباشت این عنصر را ندارند؛ امّا هر چهار گونه ارغوان (1/87)، توت (2/07)، سروخمره­ای (1/96) و زیتون تلخ (1/83) با داشتن فاکتور انتقالٍ بیشتر از یک، برای برداشت منگنز مناسب هستند؛ هر چند به­دلیل این­که ضریب تجمع زیستی در آنها کمتر از یک است، نیاز به بررسی بیشتر وجود دارد. توت سفید و زیتون تلخ با ضریب تجمعٍ زیستی و فاکتور انتقالٍ کمتر از یک، برای کروم مشخص شد که هیچ­یک برای انباشت و برداشت کروم مناسب نیستند؛ ولی ارغوان (1/39) و سرو خمره ­ای (1/04) با ضریب تجمع زیستیٍ بیشتر از یک و فاکتور انتقال کمتر از یک، قابلیت انباشت کروم در ریشه­ ها را دارند.
نتیجه ­گیری: می­ توان نتیجه گرفت که ارغوان و سرو خمره ­ای هم توان انباشت کروم و هم توان برداشت منگنز را دارند و گونه­ های بهتری برای گیاه­ پالایی این دو عنصر در خاک آبیاری شده با پساب هستند. نتایج این پژوهش مؤید آن است که استفاده مجدد از پساب این تصفیه­ خانه با توجه به عدم کاهش پارامترهای رشد هر چهار گونه، می­تواند راه­کار مناسبی برای جبران کمبود آب در تهران باشد؛ ولی بررسی­ های بیشتر و پایش شرایط به ­منظور انتخاب مناسب­ترین گونه ­ها برای پالایش فلزات سنگین و همچنین اثرات طولانی مدت آبیاری با پساب الزامی است.
متن کامل [PDF 2498 kb]   (519 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: اکولوژی جنگل
دریافت: 1399/2/3 | پذیرش: 1399/3/15 | انتشار: 1400/10/18

فهرست منابع
1. Abbaslou, H. and S. Bakhtiari. 2017. Phytoremediation potential of heavy metals by two native pasture plants (Eucalyptus grandis and ailanthus altissima) assisted with AMF and fibrous minerals in contaminated mining regions. Pollution. 3(3): 471-486.
2. Aghabarati, A. 2006. Effect of irrigation with municipal effluent on soil chemical characteristics and growth of Olive (Olea europaea) in Rey Town green Space M.Sc. thesis. Department of forestry. College of natural resources and marine sciences. Tarbiat Modares University.100 pp. (In Persian).
3. Al-Busaidi, A., R. Al-Yahyai and M. Ahmed. 2015. Heavy metal concentrations in soils and Date Palms irrigated by groundwater and treated wastewater. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 52(1): 129-134.
4. Aliehyaei, M. and A.A. Behbahanizadeh. 1993. Descriptions of methods for soil chemical analysis (Vol. I). No. 893. Soil and Water Research Institute. Agricultural Research, Extension and Education Organization. Ministry of Agriculture. pp.116. (In Persian).
5. Alloway, B.J. 2013. Heavy metals in soils. Trace metals and metalloids in soil and their bioavailability. 3rd Edition. Soil Research Center, Department of Geography and Environmental Science, School of Human and Environmental Science, University of Reading Whiteknights, Reading. UK. 613pp. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-007-4470-7]
6. A' lvarez, E., M.L. Ferna'ndez Marcos, C. Vaamonde and M.J. Ferna'ndez-Sanjurjo. 2003. Heavy metals in the dump of an abandoned mine in Galicia (NW Spain) and in the spontaneously occurring vegetation. Science of the Total Environment. 313: 185-197. [DOI:10.1016/S0048-9697(03)00261-4]
7. Ashfaq, M., S. Ahmad, M. Sagheer, M.A. Hanif, S.K. Abbas and M. Yasir. 2012. Bioaccumulation of chromium (III) in silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) in relation to mulberry, soil and wastewater metal concentrations The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences. 22(3): 627-634.
8. Batarseh, M.I., A. Rawajfeh, K.K. Ioannis and K.H. Prodromos. 2011. Treated municipal wastewater irrigation impact on Olive Trees (Olea Europaea L.) at Al-Tafilah, Jordan. Water Air &Soil Pollution. 217:185-196. [DOI:10.1007/s11270-010-0578-7]
9. Bedbabis, S., G. Ferrara, B.B. Rouina and M. Boukhris. 2010. Effects of irrigation with treated wastewater on olive tree growth, yield and leaf mineral elements at short term. Scientia Horticulturae. 126: 345-350. [DOI:10.1016/j.scienta.2010.07.020]
10. Belaida, N., C. Neel, J.F. Lenain, R. Buzier, M. Kallel, T. Ayoub, A. Ayadi and M. Bauduc. 2012. Assessment of metal accumulation in calcareous soil and forage crops subjected to long-term irrigation using treated wastewater: case of El Hajeb-Sfax, Tunisia. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 158: 83-93. [DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2012.06.002]
11. Belhaj, D. et al. 2016. Effects of sewage sludge fertilizer on heavy metal accumulation and consequent responses of sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 23: 20168-20177. [DOI:10.1007/s11356-016-7193-0]
12. Binaye Motlagh, P. 2010. Instructions and methods for measuring the physicochemical and toxic mineral chemicals in drinking water. Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Deputy Minister of Health, Environmental and Occupational Health Center. 74 pp. (In Persian).
13. Bourioug, M., et al. 2015. Sewage sludge fertilization in larch seedlings: Effects on trace metal accumulation and growth performance. Ecological Engineering. 77: 216-224. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2015.01.031]
14. Chen, B., Y. Zhang, M.T. Rafiq, K.Y. Khan, F. Pan, X. Yang and Y. Feng. 2014. Improvement of cadmium uptake and accumulation in Sedum alfredii by endophytic bacteria Sphingomonas SaMR12: effects on plant growth and root exudates. Chemosphere. 117: 367-373. [DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.07.078]
15. Cheraghi, M., B. Lorestani, N. Khorasani, N. Yousefi and M. Karami. 2011. Findings on the phytoextraction and phytostabilization of soils contaminated with heavy metals. Biological Trace Element Research.144(1-3): 1133-1141. [DOI:10.1007/s12011-009-8359-0]
16. Chu, Sh., D. Wu, L.L. Liang, F. Zhong, Y. Hu, X. Hu, C. Lai and Sh. Zeng. 2017. Municipal sewage sludge compost promotes Mangifera persiciforma tree growth with no risk of heavy metal contamination of soil. Scientific Reports. 7(1): 13408. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-13895-y [DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-13895-y]
17. Desai, M., M. Haigh and H. Walkington. 2018. Phytoremediation: Metal decontamination of soils after the sequential forestation of former opencast coal land. Science of the Total Environment. 656: 670-680. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.327]
18. Ehrampoush, M.H., M. Miria, M.H. Salmani and A.H. Mahvi. 2015. Cadmium removal from aqueous solution by green synthesis iron oxide nanoparticles with tangerine peel extract. Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering. 13(1):84. DOI: 10.1186/s40201-015-0237-4 [DOI:10.1186/s40201-015-0237-4]
19. EU, 2006. Commission regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Official Journal of European :union:. L364/5- L364/5.
20. Farahat, E. and H.W. Linderholm. 2015. The effect of long-term wastewater irrigation on accumulation and transfer of heavy metals in Cupressus sempervirens leaves and adjacent soils. Science of the Total Environment. (512-513): 1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.01.032. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.01.032]
21. Filipović, L., M. Romić, D. Romić, V. Filipović and G. Ondrašek. 2018. Organic matter and salinity modify cadmium soil (phyto) availability. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 147: 824-831. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.09.041]
22. Fuentes, D., A. Valdecantos, J. Llovet, J. Cortina and V.R. Vallejo. 2010. Fine-tuning of sewage sludge application to promote the establishment of Pinus halepensis seedlings. Ecological Engineering. 36:1213- 1221. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.04.012]
23. Hach, C., 2002. Water Analysis Handbook. Loveland, Colorado, USA. 1260 pp.
24. Hopmans, P., H.T.L. Stewart, D.W. Flinn and T.J. Hillman. 1990. Growth, biomass production and nutrient accumulation by seven tree species irrigated with municipal effluent at wodonga Australia. Journal of Forest Ecology and Management. 30: 203- 21. [DOI:10.1016/0378-1127(90)90137-Z]
25. Huang, X., D. Xue and L. Xue. 2015. Changes in soil microbial functional diversity and biochemical characteristics of tree peony with amendment of sewage sludge compost. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 22: 11617-11625. [DOI:10.1007/s11356-015-4407-9]
26. Jackson, M.L., 1973. Soil Chemical Analyze. Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd., New Delhi.498 pp.
27. Jafari Haghighi, M., 2003. Soil analysis, sampling and important physical and chemical analysis method with emphasis on theory and application basics, Nedaye zoha press, Sari, Iran. 236 pp. (In Persian).
28. Kabata-Pendias, A. and H. Pendias.1984. Trace elements in soils and plants. CRC Press, Inc. Boca Raton, Florida, USA.365pp.
29. Kabata-Pendias, A., 2011. Trace elements in soils and plants. 4thed. Edition. CRC Presss/Taylor and Francis. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: 548pp. [DOI:10.1201/b10158]
30. Khodakarami, Y., A. Shirvany, Zh. Vardanyan and H. Sohrabi. 2015. Evaluation of cadmium absorption in different soil textures by black locust (Robinia pseoudoacaci L.), round-leaf ash (Fraxinus rotundifolia Miller) and Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica Green). Iranian Journal of Forest and poplar Research. 23(4): 617-625. (In Persian)
31. Madejon, P., T. Maranon and J.M. Murillo. 2006. Biomonitoring of trace elements in the leaves and fruits of wild olive and holm oak trees. Science of the Total Environment. 355: 187-203. [DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.02.028]
32. Matin, A., 1993. Irrigation with urban waste water a solution for water shortage. Iranian Journal of Pajouhesh- Va Sazandgi. 25: 18-22. (In Persian)
33. Meli, S., M. Porto, A. Belligno, S.A. Bufo, A. Mazzatura and A. Scopa. 2002. Influence of irrigation with lagooned urban wastewater on chemical and microbiological soil parameters in a Citrus orchard under Mediterranean condition. Science of the Total Environment. 285: 69-77. [DOI:10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00896-8]
34. Meteorological Organization of Iran, 2019. University of Tehran synoptic station.
35. Mleczek, M., M.Gasecka, B. Waliszewska, Z. Magdziak, M. Szostek, P. Rutkowski, J. Kaniuczak, M. Zborowska, S. Budzynska, P. Mleczek and P. Niedzielski. 2018. Salix viminalis L. - A highly effective plant in phytoextraction of elements. Chemosphere. 212: 67-78. [DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.08.055]
36. Mleczek, M., P. Rutkowski, J. Kaniuczak, M. Szostek, A. Budka, Z. Magdziak, S. Budzyńska, N. Kuczyńska- Kippen and P. Niedzielski. 2019. The significance of selected tree species age in their efficiency in elements phytoextraction from waste mixture. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 16: 3579-3594. [DOI:10.1007/s13762-018-1996-0]
37. Nie, N., Y. Liu, G. Zeng, B. Zheng, X. Tan, H. Liu, J. Xie, Ch. Gan and W. Liu. 2016. Cadmium accumulation and tolerance of Macleaya cordata: a newly potential plant for sustainable phytoremediation in Cd-contaminated soil. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 23: 10189-10199. [DOI:10.1007/s11356-016-6263-7]
38. Pedrero, F., A. Allende, M.I. Gil and J.J. Alarcón. 2012. Soil chemical properties, leaf mineral status and crop production in a lemon tree orchard irrigated with two types of wastewater Francisco. Agricultural Water Management. 109: 54-60. [DOI:10.1016/j.agwat.2012.02.006]
39. Quevauviller, P.H., G. Rauret, R. Rubio, J.F. Lopez-Sanchez, A. Ure, J. Bacon and H. Muntau. 1997. Certified reference materials for the quality control of EDTA- and acetic acid extractable contents of trace elements in sewage sludge amended soils (CRMs 483 and 484). Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 357: 611-618. [DOI:10.1007/s002160050222]
40. Rafati, M., N. Khorasani, F. Moraghebi and A. Shirvany. 2012. Phytoextraction and Phytostabilization Potential of Cadmium, Chromium and Nickel By Populus alba and Morus alba Species. Journal of Natural Environment, Iranian Journal of Natural Resources. 65(2): 181-191. (In Persian)
41. Robarge, W.P., A. Edwards and B. Johnson. 1983. Water and waste water analysis for nitrate via nitration of salicylic acid. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 14 (12): 1207-1215. [DOI:10.1080/00103628309367444]
42. Saba, G., A.H. Parizanganeh, A. Zamani and J. Saba. 2015. Phytoremediation of heavy metals contaminated environments: screening for native accumulator plants in Zanjan-Iran. International Journal of Environmental Research. 9(1): 309-316.
43. Salardini, A., 1992. Soil Fertility. Tehran University Press, Tehran, Iran. 440pp. (InPersian).
44. Salehi, A., 2007. Growth and mineral concentration of Pinus eldarica Medw. and Robinia pseudoacacia L., irrigated with municipal effluent in green space of Southern Tehran. M.Sc. thesis. Department of forestry. College of natural resources and marine sciences. Tarbiat Modares University.120 pp. (In Persian).
45. Selahvarzi, B., 2009. Effect of water treatment effluent on survival growth and mineral accumulation of plane tree (Platanus orientalis L.) seedlings. M.Sc. thesis. Department of forestry. College of natural resources and marine sciences. Tarbiat Modares University.110 pp. (in Persian)
46. Shah, F.R., N. Ahmad, K.R. Masood, D.M. Zahid and M. Zubair. 2011. Response of Eucalyptus Camaldulensis to exogenous application of cadmium and chromium. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 43(1): 181-189.
47. Shanker, A.K., C. Cervantes, H. Loza-Tavera and S. Avudainayagam. 2005. Chromium toxicity in plants. Environment International. 31: 739-753. [DOI:10.1016/j.envint.2005.02.003]
48. Si, L., X. Peng and J. Zhou. 2019. The suitability of growing mulberry (Morus alba L.) on soils consisting of urban sludge composted with garden waste: a new method for urban sludge disposal. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 26:1379-1393. [DOI:10.1007/s11356-018-3635-1]
49. Tabari, M. and A. Salehi. 2009.Long-term impact of municipal sewage irrigation on treated soil and black locust trees in a semi-arid suburban area of Iran. Journal of Environmental Sciences. 21: 1438-144. [DOI:10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62437-7]
50. Theriault, G. and K. Nkongogo. 2016. Nickel and copper toxicity and plant response mechanisms in white birch (Betula papyrifera). Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 97:171-176. [DOI:10.1007/s00128-016-1842-3]
51. TWSWWTC (Tehran Water Supply and Water and Wastewater Treatment Company), 2019. https://tww.tpww.ir/ (In Persian)
52. USEPA, 1997. Exposure Factors Handbook. Volume II-Food Ingestion Factors. EPA/600//P-95/002Fa. Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.
53. Van Nevel, L., J. Mertens, J. Staelens, A. De Schrijver, F. Tack, S. De Neve, E. Meers and K. Verheyen. 2011. Elevated Cd and Zn uptake by aspen limits the phytostabilization potential compared to five other tree species. Ecological Engineering. 37:1072-1080. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2010.07.010]
54. WHO, 1996. Trace Elements in Human Nutrition and Health. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
55. Xue, D. and X. Huang. 2013. The impact of sewage sludge compost on tree peony growth and soil microbiological, and biochemical properties. Chemosphere. 93: 583-589. [DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.05.065]
56. Yue, Y., L. Cui, Q. Lin, G. Li and X. Zhao. 2017. Efficiency of sewage sludge biochar in improving urban soil properties and promoting grass growth. Chemosphere. 173: 551-556. [DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.01.096]

ارسال نظر درباره این مقاله : نام کاربری یا پست الکترونیک شما:
CAPTCHA

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول


بازنشر اطلاعات
Creative Commons License این مقاله تحت شرایط Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License قابل بازنشر است.

کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به بوم‏شناسی جنگل‏های ایران می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Ecology of Iranian Forest

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb