Volume 5, Issue 10 (10-2017)                   ifej 2017, 5(10): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghasemi Aghbash F, Abdi E, Zarooni M. Investigation on Root Distribution Pattern of Persian Oak and Hawthorn Species in Order to use in Bioengineering Models (Case Study: Boloran Forests, Kohdasht) . ifej 2017; 5 (10) :1-10
URL: http://ifej.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-171-en.html
Malayer University
Abstract:   (2767 Views)
Vegetation due to its root system by creating cohesion of soil particles, significantly affects hill slope mechanical properties related to shallow landslides and slope stability. In this regard, the root engineering characteristics of forest species are important. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution pattern of persian oak and hawthorn in Zagross forests. For this purpose, five trees from both species were randomly selected to study their root distribution. Sampling was performed by using a soil core sampling ring from three horizontal distances and three depths. Root distribution was assessed using the concept of the root area ratio. The results showed that the root area ratio as well as the longitudinal densities of the roots decreases with increasing depth of the soil and increasing the distance from the tree. The maximum root length density was observed in the initial layers and close to the trees. The highest volume density of roots was observed at depths of 0-15 cm. Based on the results of the study, it was found that there was a significant difference between the volume density of root of two persian oak and hawthorn species. Longitudinal and volumetric densities of root in persian oak were higher than hawthorn. In general, the results of this study showed the importance of persian oak in comparison with hawthorn in the field of increasing strength of soil.

Full-Text [PDF 2594 kb]   (951 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/07/23 | Accepted: 2018/05/8 | Published: 2018/10/10

1. Abdi, E., B. Majnounian, H. Rahimi, M. Zobeiri and Gh. Habibi Bibalani. 2011. Intraspecies variations of tree root tensile strength as Eco-Engineering materials in local scale (Case study: Kheyrud Forest). Journal of Natural Environment, Iranian journal of natural resources, 64(2): 137-144 (In Persian).
2. Abdi, E., B. Majnounian, H. Rahimi, M. Zobeiri and Gh. Habibi Bibalani. 2010. Investigation of Biotechnical Properties of Parottia persica in Order to Use in Bioengineering (Case Study: Patom district of Kheyrud Forest). Journal of natural Environment, Iranian Journal of Natural Resources, 63(1): 53-62 (In Persian).
3. Abernethy, B. and I.D. Rutherfurd. 2000. The effect of riparian tree roots on the mass-stability of riverbanks. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, 25: 921- 937. https://doi.org/10.1002/1096-9837(200008)25:9<921::AID-ESP93>3.0.CO;2-7 [DOI:10.1002/1096-9837(200008)25:93.0.CO;2-7]
4. Bischetti, G.B., E.A. Chiaradia, T. Simonato, B. Speziali, B. Vitali, P. Vullo and A. Zocco. 2005. Root strength and root area ratio of forest species in Lombardy (Northern Italy). Plant and Soil, 278:11-22. [DOI:10.1007/s11104-005-0605-4]
5. Cammerat, E., R. Van Beek and A. Kooijman. 2005. Vegetation succession and its consequences for slope stability in SE Spain. Plant and Soil, 278:135-147. [DOI:10.1007/s11104-005-5893-1]
6. Classens, L., J.M. School and A. Veldkamp. 2007. Modeling the location of shallow landslides and their effects on landscape dynamics in large watersheds: An application for Northern New Zealand. Geomorphology, 87(1-2): 16-27. [DOI:10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.06.039]
7. Di Iorio, A., B. Lasserre, G.S Scippa and D. Chiatante. 2005. Root System Architecture of Quercus pubescens Trees Growing on Different Sloping Conditions. Annals of Botany, 95: 351-361. [DOI:10.1093/aob/mci033]
8. Hosseini, A. and M. Shafaei. 2016. Investigation of root system of salt cedar forest in the direction of river flow, in order to use applications in steady slopes. Iranian journal of soil and water research, 47(1): 35-41 (In Persian).
9. Kazemi, M., E. Abdi, B. Majnounian and H. Yousef Zadeh. 2014. The effect of season on resistance of Persian oak (Quercus persica) roots (Case study: Tabarok, Bazaft basin). Iranian Journal of Forest, 6(4): 435-444 (In Persian).
10. Kooch, Y., M. Hosseini and J. Mohammadi. 2013. The Effect of Pit and Mound Landscape on Variability of Cation Exchange Capacity and Soil Nutrients. Iranian Forest Ecology Journal, 1(1): 46-60 (In Persian).
11. Lewis, L. 2000. Soil Bioengineering: An alternative for roadside management. USDA Forest Service, California.
12. Mattia, C., G.B. Bischetti and F. Gentile.2005. Biotechnical characteristics of root system of typical Mediterranean species. Plant and Soil, 278: 23-32. [DOI:10.1007/s11104-005-7930-5]
13. Mostfa, M., N. Raafatnia, Sh, Shataee and H. Ghazanfari. 2013. Comparison of Technical and Numeral Characteristic of Road Network with a Existent Reciple in a Multiple Use Forest Management Plan, Armardah, Baneh. Iranian Forest Ecology Journal, 1(1): 88-99 (In Persian).
14. Norris, J. 2005. Root reinforcement by hawthorn and oak roots on a highway cut-slope in Southern England. Plant and Soil, 278:43-53. [DOI:10.1007/s11104-005-1301-0]
15. Nyambane, O.S. and S.K. Mwea. 2011. Root tensile strength of three typical plant species and their contribution to soil shear strength; a case study, Sasumua Backslope, Nayandarua District, Kenya. Journal of Civil Engineering Research and Practice, 8(1):57-73. [DOI:10.4314/jcerp.v8i1.69525]
16. Normaniza, O. and S.S. Barakbah. 2006. Parameters to predict slope stability - Soil water and root profiles. Ecological Engineering, 28: 90-95. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2006.04.004]
17. Roering, J., K.M. Schmidt, J.D, Stock, W.E. Dietrich and D.R. Montgomery. 2003. Shallow landsliding, root reinforcement, and the spatial distribution of trees in the Oregon Coast Range. Canadian Terotechnology Journal, 40: 237-253. [DOI:10.1139/t02-113]
18. Sarfaraz, F. 2009. Investigation the role of the root system of forest plants in onservation and increasing soil resistance (case study: investigation of the sumac and hawthorn roots effects in increasing of soil resistance, Ghazvin province). Conferences on water, soil, plant science and agriculture mechanization, 1-7 pp., Azad university of Dezful (In Persian).
19. Schmidt, K.M., J.J. Roering, J.D. Stock, W.E. Dietrich, D.R, Montgomery and T. Schaub. 2001. The variability of root cohesion as an influence on shallow landslide susceptibility in the Oregon Coast Range. Canadian Terotechnology Journal, 38: 995-1024. [DOI:10.1139/t01-031]
20. Schwarza, M., F. Pretic, P. Giadrossichc and D. Orb. 2009. Quantifying the role of vegetation in slope stability: A case study in Tuscany (Italy), Ecological Engineering, 36(3): 285-291. [DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2009.06.014]
21. Tahooni, Sh. 1997. Principles of geotechnical engineering, 1st edn., Pars Ayin Press, Tehran, 683 pp (In Persian).
22. Talebi, A., M.T. Dastorani and M.H. Irannezhad. 2010. The Role of Oak Forest on Landslide Prevention (Case study: Ardal, Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari Province). Iran-Watershed Management Science and Engineering, 4(12): 19-26 (In Persian).
23. Watson, A.J. and M. Marden. 2004. Live root-wood tensile strengths of some common New Zealand indigenous and plantation tree species. New Zealand journal of Forestry Science, 34(3): 344-353.
24. Watson, A., C. Phillips and M. Marden. 1999. Root strength, growth, and rates of decay: root reinforcement changes of two tree species and their contribution to slope stability. Plant and Soil, 217: 39-47.
25. Wu, T. H. and R.C. Sidle. 1995. A distributed slope stability model for steep forested basins. Water Resources Research, 31: 2097-2110. [DOI:10.1029/95WR01136]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Ecology of Iranian Forest

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb